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On 6 January 2022 the 1921 England and Wales Census records were made available online via the FindMyPast website. The records have been indexed and are searchable via the usual methods. These records are only viewable on a pay-per-view basis and are not included in any of FindMyPast's existing subscriptions with the exception of the 12 month premium subscription.

Cruickshanks records on Ancestry

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Historical References

"CRUICKSHANKS, CRUICKSHANK, CHUTJCSHANK, CROOKSHANKS. With the possible exception of the first record of this name, which may point to a nickname, I do not think this surname has any connection with bowleggedness or 'crooked shanks.' The earliest spellings of the name, with the one exception noted, are always in the singular. The two counties with which the name is most intimately connected are Kincardine and Aberdeen, and in the former we have the river Cruick rising in the parish of Feam and joining the North Esk near the Kirk of Stracathro. The word 'Cruick' is found several times in combination in Scots place names, i.e. 'Cruikitheuch' (1564), the 'cruikit aiker' (1585, Scon, p. 229), Cruikitheugh (1616), later Cruikhaugh at Inverbervie. 'Shank' is also a common element in Scots place names, either alone or in combination, i.e. Schank (in Midlothian, whence the surname Shank or Schank); Shankend, Shankfoot, etc. In toponymy 'shank' has the meaning of 'projecting point of a hill joining it to the plain.' The surname may thus quite well be of local origin the shank on the Cruick or the Cruick-shank. Cf. the place name Pitlurg (1232 Petnalurge) from Gaelic peit na luirge, 'portion of the shank,' i.e. distinguished by a shrink-like: strip of land (Watson I, p. 412). Cf. Cruiksetter in Shetland, 1623. John Crokeshanks, burgess of Haddington, rendered homage, 1296 (Bain, n, p. 197), Christin Crukschank is mentioned in foundation charter of the chapel of Urchany, 1334 (REA., i, p. 59), Cristinus Cru[k]sank was admitted burgess of Aberdeen, 1408 (NSCM., i, p. 3), and John Cru[k]sank was one of the burgesses of Aberdeen selected to accompany the provost to the field of Harlaw, 1411 (Fraser, p. 21). Adam Crukshank was vicar of Crovdane (Cruden), 1414 (CAB., p. 381), the mill of Tybardy was leased to David Croyssaynt in 1434 (RAA., n, 70), and in 1452 there is entry of payment to John Cruxschank in Aberdeen (SCM., v, p. 50). John Crukshanke was granted 'the seruice of the keping of the orloge for the yer' in Aberdeen, 1453 (CRA., p. 20). John Crukshank owned a rood of land in the regality of Arbroath, 1535 (RAA., n, 816), Johannes Crushank is recorded in Murthlie, 1550 (lUus., n, p. 261), and John Crewshank or Crushank was a tailor in Aberdeen, 1688 (RFC., 3. ser. xm, p. 262, 272). Amos Cruckshank laid the foundation of the famous Sittyon herd of Aberdeen cattle, c. 1840. Isaac Cruikshank (1756P-1811?) caricaturist, was bom in Scotland, and his son, George Cruikshank (1789-1856) was born in London. Among Scots settled in Prussia the name appears in 1644 as Kriegschank. Coukschank (an error for Croukschank) 1538, Crewschank 1602, Crokeshank 1483, Crewkschankis 1602, Crookschank 1641, Crookshank 1678, Cruckshanke 1654, Crucshank 1640, Cruickshank 1586, Cruikank (sic) and Cruiksank 1600, Cruikschank 1598, Cruischank 1591, Crukeschank 1585, Crukschank 1559, Crukschanke 1463, Crukshaink 1673, Cruykschank 1448, Crwickshanks 1688, Crwikschank and Crwkschank, 1595. In common speech the name is usually pronounced 'Crushak.' "(The surnames of Scotland. George Fraser Black, 1866-1948)


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Birth, Death and Marriage Records for the Cruickshanks Family History

Birth, Death and Marriage records are often the best method of making the links to the Cruickshanks Genealogy that will form part of your family tree. Although records vary from country to country, they are normally the most formal record of a person's relations. From the sources below you will be able to find a birth record and, from that, a birth certificate can be ordered which lists the names of the mother and father, taking you back another generation in your tree. A marriage certificate may also list the names of the respective fathers of the bride and groom which may then help you to find them earlier in life on a census record enabling you to fill out more detail in the Cruickshanks family tree.

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